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C.3.5 Properties of Null Pointers

Most modern hosts reliably fail when you attempt to dereference a null pointer.

On almost all modern hosts, null pointers use an all-bits-zero internal representation, so you can reliably use memset with 0 to set all the pointers in an array to null values.

If p is a null pointer to an object type, the C expression p + 0 always evaluates to p on modern hosts, even though the standard says that it has undefined behavior.